How to start writing a review of literature
In the latter cases in particular, the review will be guided by your research objective or by the issue or thesis you are arguing and will provide the framework for your further work. It includes substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions that others bring to the subject. Print this out, and cut the titles into individual slips of paper. Always separate your source opinions from your own hypothesis.
The aim of a literature review is to show your reader your tutor that you have read, and have a good grasp of, the main published work concerning a particular topic or question in your field.
Here I will provide you with a few tips on how to get started that will hopefully make the process a little less daunting. Some tips for identifying suitable literature and narrowing your search: Choose several key words that relate to your topic and do a search using each term separately and in combination with each other.
Analyze the literature Once you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing: In a field study carried out amongst the homeless of Sydney, Warne found that A Traveler’s Guide to a Done Dissertation , Sonja Foss and William Walters describe a highly efficient way of writing a literature review.
Then, after I am done reading each article, I summarize that article in a table that can be used for quick reference during the writing process. I think it provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: A literature review is a paper, or a part of a larger paper, that reviews the critical points of current knowledge on a particular topic.
Critique the research methodologies used in the studies, and distinguish between assertions the author’s opinion and actual research findings derived from empirical evidence. Rely heavily on the guidelines your instructor has given you. Definitions of key terms and concepts. Friday, October 7, Writing a Literature Review: If the full article is not available via this route, your school library is a good place to turn.
As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. It should not take more than two or three dedicated time sessions.